2023, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part B
Phytochemical screening of leaves, seed, stem and root bark extracts of Mangifera indica (Mango)
Author(s): Diso SU, Mukhtar MD and Dutsinma UA
Abstract: Phytochemical are substance produced mainly by plants, and these substances have biological and inhibitory properties. Therefore, plant represented the main source of ingredient for making drugs in pharmaceutical industries. The aim of the study was to screen for phytochemicals from leaf, seed, stem and root bark of M. indica. Water, Ethanol and n-hexane were the solvents used for the extraction process. Preliminary phytochemical screening was carried out conventionally using laboratory method. The quantitative phytochemical analysis of the extracts was conducted using spectrophotometric method. Phytochemical screening of the leaf, stem and root bark, and seed extracts revealed the presence of tannins, alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, flavonoids, phenols, steroid and anthraquinone. In the present study, steroid was only present in stem bark while anthraquinone was present in seed extract. The quantitative analysis of the bark extracts showed that the leaf extract contain high percentage of flavonoid (4.8%), followed by alkaloid (3.7%), Stem back extract contain high percentage of alkaloid (3.65%), followed by flavonoid (3.1%) while the root extract contain alkaloid (3.2%), flavonoid (2.8%), terpenoid (1.4%) and glycoside (0.17%). It is concluded that M. indica contain vital secondary and can be a good source for production of new drugs in pharmaceutical industries.
Pages: 118-122 | Views: 77 | Downloads: 31
Download Full Article: Click Here
How to cite this article:
Diso SU, Mukhtar MD, Dutsinma UA. Phytochemical screening of leaves, seed, stem and root bark extracts of Mangifera indica (Mango). J Adv Microbiol Res 2023;4(1):118-122.