2023, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part A
Bioherbicidal interference of plant extracts and residue on seed germination and seedling growth of an invasive alien weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L) in Ethiopian agriculture
Author(s): Zehara Mohammed Damtew
Abstract: The study investigated bioherbicidal inhibition potential of two plant species extract and residue (Azadirachata indica leaves and oil extracts, Brassica carinataa seed extract and residue on P. hysterophorus growth at in vitro and field pot experiment. The extracts of 6, 8 and 10% (w/v) obtained from shade dry leaves and seeds. The seeds oil was donated by Leather and Leather product Institute of Maazama oils in Ethiopia. Germination, shoot and root growth of Parthenium treated by plants extract were significantly (p<0.0001) lower than seeds receiving distilled water. Highest germination suppression was found from all concentrations of A. indica seed oil followed by 10% aqueous extracts of B. carinata seed and A. indica leaves, where germination was reduced by (89.3, 67% and 51%), respectively compared to control. Moreover, the field pot experiment results had also shown a significant inhibition on all growth parameters of Parthenium. Among the suppressed growth the height was suppressed by (78, 68.5 cm) seed oil and 10% A. indica leaves, respectively. Similarly, the biomass reduced by (49.2, 43.5 gm per plant). Therefore, it can be concluded from the present study that A. indica and B. carinata are promising plant species as a natural herbicide for the management of noxious weed Parthenium.
Pages: 41-45 | Views: 304 | Downloads: 171
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How to cite this article:
Zehara Mohammed Damtew. Bioherbicidal interference of plant extracts and residue on seed germination and seedling growth of an invasive alien weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L) in Ethiopian agriculture. J Adv Microbiol Res 2023;4(1):41-45.