Journal of Advances in Microbiology Research
2022, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Part A
Perspective of vaccination in veterinary medicine: A review
Author(s): Mahendra Pal and Adugna Girma Lema
Abstract: Veterinary vaccines have had, and continue to have, a major role in protecting animal health and public health, reducing animal suffering, enabling efficient production of food animals to feed the burgeoning human population, and greatly reducing the need for antibiotics to treat food and companion animals. Clearly, disease prevention by vaccination is recognized by all as a superior strategy to manage diseases. Recently vaccine can be categorized into live attenuated, inactivated (killed vaccine), sub unit (purified antigen), and toxoid (inactivated toxin) based on the antigen they used for preparation. The major mechanism action of vaccine is by training the immune systems to recognize and combat pathogens, either virus or bacteria. To prevent and control infectious livestock diseases which have a major public health effect; veterinary vaccine is primarily used. There is an urgent need to emphasize this approach by providing incentives to continue the well-established methodologies and, in addition, to promote fresh ideas in a new direction beyond the established framework. Livestock vaccination have varieties of advantages in human health through prevention of emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases. Veterinary vaccines will continue to be an important tool to protect human health, animal health, food safety, and food security and must be accessible and economical.
Pages: 47-51 | Views: 40 | Downloads: 16
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How to cite this article:
Mahendra Pal, Adugna Girma Lema. Perspective of vaccination in veterinary medicine: A review. J Adv Microbiol Res 2022;3(2):47-51.