2021, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and its antibiotics susceptibility isolated from secondary school students
Author(s): Airefetalor AI, Iyevhobu KO, Abinokhauno SO, Omolumen LE and Ken-Iyevhobu BA
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus is ubiquitous and may be a part of human flora found in the axillae, the inguinal and perineal areas, and the anterior nares. This study was undertaken to evaluate the nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and its susceptibility to ascertain commonly used antibiotics in Ujoelen secondary school students, Ekpoma Edo State. The study population comprises of Ujoelen Secondary School students within the age range of 11-16 years with a number of 40 males and 40 females. A total of eighty (80) nasal swabs from Ujoelen secondary school students were used in the study. Eighty subjects were enrolled for this study without any sign of illness. Samples were taken by cotton swab from the nasal cavity and properly labelled with subjects’ name, sex, age, and serial number were used for sample collection. Nasal swabs were collected in good light vision from subjects bending their heads backward to collect the specimens deep down the anterior passages using a sterile swab stick. Both right and left nostrils were used. The swab sticks were carefully returned to their sterile containers, sealed with adhesive tape and labelled accordingly. Collected specimens were taken to the laboratory where bacteriological analyses were carried out immediately. Out of the eighty (80) swabs sticks sampled, thirty (30) yielded growth out of which twenty-eight (28) are Staphylococcus aureus and the other two (2) were Streptococcus species. Out of the eighty (80) nasal swab sticks sampled, Forty (40) Male and Female were sampled each. Out of the sampled male, 17 (42.5%) were positive to Staphylococcus aureus and out of the 40 female sampled, 11 (27.5%) were positive for Staphylococcus aureus. The percentage prevalence of the male samples from the total number of samples collected in the study was higher (21.25%) than that of the female samples (13.75%) in the study. The current findings clearly highlighted the significance of implementation of efficient quality control systems in areas of direct contact with children in ill health and future research addressing effective methods for sustained eradication of Staphylococcal nasal carriage. In conclusion, a relatively high prevalence rate of Staphylococcus aureus in nasal carriage was recorded among the investigated among secondary school students in Ujoelen Secondary School students, Ekpoma, Edo State.
Pages: 48-53 | Views: 185 | Downloads: 72
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How to cite this article:
Airefetalor AI, Iyevhobu KO, Abinokhauno SO, Omolumen LE, Ken-Iyevhobu BA. Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and its antibiotics susceptibility isolated from secondary school students. J Adv Microbiol Res 2021;2(1):48-53.