Journal of Advances in Microbiology Research
2021, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Chikungunya fever: A re-emerging tropical viral disease of public health importance
Author(s): Mahendra Pal, Margo Yonas Shuramo, Kirubel Paulos Gutama and Claudete Rodrigues Paula
Abstract: Chikungunya fever is a mosquito-borne re-emerging viral disease that has been reported from many nations of the world. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus, a single-stranded RNA Alpha virus. Female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are responsible for the transmission of disease in the tropical zone and temperate region, respectively. Due to a lack of efficient treatments and vaccines, significant pain in infected persons, such as headaches, fever, depression, joint pain, and long-term debilitating symptoms, as well as huge economic repercussions, Chikungunya virus disease is of public health relevance. The symptoms can appear within a few days and then subside after a few weeks. The virus is known to cause epidemics after a period of quiescence. Even while immune-competent patients can recover without treatment, the condition can cause mortality in people who have their immunity reduced, such as young and the elderly. Clinical manifestations, epidemiology, and serological tests were used to make the diagnosis. Because the disease is easily transmitted from sick patients to healthy people, mosquito bite prevention, avoiding travel to areas where the disease is present, and other prevention techniques are reviewed.
Pages: 40-42 | Views: 76 | Downloads: 40
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How to cite this article:
Mahendra Pal, Margo Yonas Shuramo, Kirubel Paulos Gutama, Claudete Rodrigues Paula. Chikungunya fever: A re-emerging tropical viral disease of public health importance. J Adv Microbiol Res 2021;2(1):40-42.