Journal of Advances in Microbiology Research
2020, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Part A
The fish gut microbiota, current approaches and perspectives: A review
Author(s): Kalawati Kumari
Abstract: Fishes are poikilothermic aquatic animals that include a wide variety of vertebrates and invertebrates from the animal world. Fish is high in omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins B2 and D, and essential minerals, calcium, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, zinc, and potassium. Since the mid-twentieth century, global population growth has increased fish consumption. Teleosts continue to draw significant scientific attention as the most diverse vertebrate group and a key component of a growing global aquaculture industry. Global aquaculture growth, driven by declines in wild stock, has created considerable empirical demand, and therefore opportunities, to investigate teleost diversity. The recent increase in microbiome exploration, enabled by breakthroughs in high-throughput sequencing techniques, is one of the most significant recent developments. The gut flora not only supports the digestive and immune systems of fish, but it is also influenced by a variety of host-associated factors. Unfortunately, the majority of studies have concentrated on the structure of the fish gut microbiome, leaving little knowledge of the distinct effects of these factors and the enormous functional potential of the gut microbiome. We highlighted recent discoveries about the diversity and functions of the fish gut microbiome in this review. The current approaches used to study the fish gut microbiome in order to compile all of the knowledge gained and draw accurate conclusions for their application-based perspectives. According to the reviewed literature, future research should focus on functional microbiomics to improve maximum sustainable yield in aquaculture.
Pages: 19-22 | Views: 6 | Downloads: 4
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How to cite this article:
Kalawati Kumari. The fish gut microbiota, current approaches and perspectives: A review. J Adv Microbiol Res 2020;1(1):19-22.